Робин Уильямс

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Робин Уильямс
Robin Williams
Дата рождения::
21 июля 1951
Место рождения::
Чикаго, США
1977 — по сей день
«Оскар» (1998)
ID 0000245

Робин Уильямс (англ. Robin Williams; род. 1951) — американский актёр и продюсер. Лауреат премии «Оскар» 1998 года.


Ранние годы[править]

Робин Уильямс родился 21 июля 1951 года в Чикаго. Отец, Роберт Фицджеральд Уильямс был одним из руководителей компании Ford Motors, мать Лори Уильямс — бывшая модель. После окончания школы поступил в Клермонтский колледж (Claremont McKenna College), где изучал политологию. Затем поступил в Джуллиардовскую школу драмы (Juilliard Drama School), в которой обучался драматическому искусству.


С середины 1970-х годов начал сниматься в комедийных телесериалах. В кино появился в 1977 году. После нескольких эпизодических ролей Уильямс снялся в главной роли в фильме «Попай» (1980) Роберта Олтмена. Этот и несколько следующих фильмов были неудачными. В 1987 году Уильямс сыграл роль ди-джея в картине Барри Левинсона «Доброе утро, Вьетнам!», благодаря которой получил известность и номинацию на «Оскар».

В 1991 году Уильямс озвучивал джина в диснеевском мультфильме «Аладдин». Многие свои роли Уильямс сыграл в комедиях. Две номинации на «Оскар» ему принесли роль профессора в фильме «Общество мёртвых поэтов» (1989) и роль сумасшедшего в «Короле-рыбаке» (1991).

В 1997 году он стал обладателем «Оскара» как лучший актёр второго плана за роль психолога в фильме «Умница Уилл Хантинг». В 1999 году Уильямс снялся в главной роли в фильме «Двухсотлетний человек», поставленном по произведению Айзека Азимова. В нём он сыграл робота, который мечтал стать человеком.


[edit] Early life and education

Williams was born in Chicago, Illinois. His father, Robert Fitzgerald Williams (September 10, 1906 - October 18, 1987) was a senior executive at Ford in charge of the Midwest area. His mother, Laura McLaurin Smith (1922-2001), was a former model from Jackson, Mississippi.[2] Williams was raised in the Episcopal church and grew up in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan and Marin County, California. While in California, Robin attended Redwood High School in Larkspur and grew up in the San Francisco suburb of Tiburon. In Michigan, he attended Detroit Country Day School, an exclusive college-preparatory school which boasts other famous alumni, including Steve Ballmer from Microsoft and Courtney Vance from Law and Order: Criminal Intent. In an interview with Michael Parkinson, Williams stated that when he saw Dr. Strangelove or: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb he was immediately inspired to become an actor.

He has two half-siblings: McLaurin, on his mother's side, and Todd on his father's side.[3] He described himself as a quiet child whose first imitation was of his grandmother to his mom. He did not overcome his shyness until he became involved with his high school drama department.[4] In high school, he won an award for "Most Likely To Not Succeed".[5]

Every year, two thousand students audition for twenty places in the freshman class at Juilliard. Only two or three are accepted into the Advanced Program. Williams and Christopher Reeve were the only students accepted by John Houseman into the Advanced Program in 1973. Reeve and Williams had several classes together in which they were the only two students. In their dialects class, Williams had no trouble mastering all dialects naturally, whereas Reeve was more meticulous about it. Williams' manic comedy did not impress all of his teachers, but his dramatic performances impressed everyone. Williams and Reeve developed a close friendship, and they remained good friends for the remainder of Reeve's life. Williams visited Reeve after the horseback riding accident that paralyzed him from the neck down and cheered him up by arriving as an eccentric Russian doctor (similar to his role in Nine Months). Williams claimed that he was there to perform a colonoscopy. Reeve stated that he laughed for the first time since the accident and knew that life was going to be okay.[6]

[edit] Early stand-up/TV career

Williams first achieved notice for his stand-up routines performing for tips and working clubs like The Purple Onion in San Francisco. After appearing in the cast of the short lived The Richard Pryor Show on NBC, he was cast by Garry Marshall as the alien Mork in a guest role in the TV series Happy Days.

As Mork, Williams improvised much of his dialogue and devised plenty of rapid-fire verbal and physical comedy, speaking in a high, nasal voice. Mork's appearance was so popular with viewers that it led to a spin-off hit television sitcom, Mork and Mindy, which ran from 1978 to 1982. Williams became an overnight sensation, and Mork was featured on posters, coloring books, lunchboxes, and other merchandise. His nonsensical catchphrases, including the greeting "Nanu, Nanu!" and the expletive "shazbot", were widely known.

Starting in the late 70s and throughout the '80s, Williams began to reach a wider audience with his standup comedy, including three HBO comedy specials, Off The Wall (1978), An Evening with Robin Williams (1982) and Robin Williams: Live at the Met (1986). His standup work has been a consistent thread through his career, as is seen by the success of his one-man show (and subsequent DVD) Robin Williams Live on Broadway (2002). He was voted as 13th on Comedy Central's list 100 Greatest Stand-ups of All Time.

After some encouragement from his friend Whoopi Goldberg, he was set to make a guest appearance in the 1991 Star Trek: The Next Generation episode, "A Matter of Time", but he had to cancel due to a scheduling conflict; Matt Frewer took his place as time-traveling con man, Professor Berlingoff Rasmussen.

Williams also appeared on an episode of Whose Line Is It Anyway? (Season 3, Episode 9: November 16, 2000). During a game of "Scenes from a Hat," the scene "What Robin Williams is thinking right now" was drawn, and Williams stated "I have a career. What the hell am I doing here?"

Although Williams has had a successful stand-up career, there have been accusations of him stealing material, and some comedians have refused to perform in front of him due to fears of plagiarism.[7]

[edit] Cinema fame

The majority of Williams' acting career has been in film, although he has given some memorable performances on stage as well (notably as Estragon in a production of Waiting for Godot). His first starring roles, Popeye (1980) and The World According to Garp (1982), were both considered flops,[8] but with Good Morning, Vietnam (1987) Williams was nominated for an Academy Award and established a screen identity. Many of his roles have been comedies tinged with pathos, for example, The Birdcage and Mrs. Doubtfire.

In particular, his role as the Genie in the animated film Aladdin was instrumental in establishing the importance of star power in voice actor casting. Later, Williams once again used his voice talents in A.I, the 2005 animated feature Robots, the 2006 Academy Award winning Happy Feet, and an uncredited vocal performance in 2006's Everyone's Hero. Furthermore, he was the voice of The Timekeeper, a former attraction at the Walt Disney World Resort about a time-traveling robot who encounters Jules Verne and brings him to the future.

Williams has also starred in dramatic films, earning himself two subsequent Academy Award nominations: first for playing an unorthodox and inspiring English teacher in Dead Poets Society (1989), and later for playing a troubled homeless man in The Fisher King (1991). Other acclaimed dramatic films include Awakenings (1990), What Dreams May Come (1998), and Jakob the Liar (1999).

In 1997, he won an Oscar as Best Supporting Actor for his role as a psychologist in Good Will Hunting. However, by the early 2000s, he was thought by some to be typecast in films such as Patch Adams (1998) and Bicentennial Man (1999) that critics complained were excessively maudlin. This apparently prompted Williams to take radically unconventional roles,[9] beginning with a role as a lowlife kiddie show host in the dark comedy Death to Smoochy, followed by One Hour Photo in a watershed performance as an obsessed film developer, Insomnia as a sociopathic writer, and The Final Cut, which is more in tune with Williams as a protagonist. In 2006 Williams starred in The Night Listener, a thriller about a radio show host who realizes he's developed a friendship with a child who may or may not exist.

He is known for his wild improvisational skills and impersonations. Because his quick-wit performances frequently involve ingenious humor designed and delivered in rapid-fire succession completely while on stage, he is widely regarded as one of the greatest impromptu comedians of all time. According to the Aladdin DVD commentary, most of his dialogue as the Genie was improvised. He is a talented mimic and can jump in and out of characters and various accents at an extremely fast pace. Williams states that he began doing impersonations as a child, mimicking his aunt's southern accent.[10]

In 2006, he starred in five movies including Man of the Year and was the Surprise Guest at the 2006 Nickelodeon Kids' Choice Awards. He appeared on an episode of Extreme Makeover: Home Edition that aired on January 30, 2006. Via a live video link to the De'Aeth family whose house and animal rescue shelter were being made over, he encouraged their son Cory, a budding comedian, and gave the family's shelter a recreational vehicle used in the movie R.V..

At one point, he was in the running to play the Riddler in Batman Forever until director Tim Burton dropped the project. Williams had earlier been a prime candidate to play the Joker in Batman. He had expressed interest in assuming the role in the sequel to 2005's Batman Begins.[11]

He was portrayed by Chris Diamantopoulos in the made-for-TV biopic Behind the Camera: The Unauthorized Story of Mork & Mindy (2005), documenting the actor's arrival in Hollywood as a struggling comedian and becoming an overnight star when he landed the role in Mork & Mindy.

On Inside the Actor's Studio, Al Pacino said that Williams was his idol.

[edit] Personal life

Williams' first marriage was to Valerie Velardi on June 4, 1978, with whom he has one child, Zachary (born April 1983). The marriage ended in 1988. On April 30, 1989, he married Marsha Garces. They have two children, Zelda Ray (born July 31, 1989) and Cody Alan (born November 25, 1991). Williams currently resides in a large house in the upper-income Sea Cliff neighborhood of San Francisco.[12] Incidentally, Williams is good friends with film director Chris Columbus who is also a San Francisco resident. He also has a summer house in Pittsfield, Massachusetts. Williams has starred in Columbus' films Mrs. Doubtfire, Nine Months, and Bicentennial Man.

During the late 1970s and early 1980s, Williams had a serious addiction to cocaine; he has since kicked the habit. One quote attributed to him: "Cocaine is God's way of telling you that you are making too much money." [13] Williams was a close friend and frequent partier alongside John Belushi. Williams says the death of his friend and the birth of his son prompted him to quit drugs: "Was it a wake-up call? Oh yeah, on a huge level. The grand jury helped too".[14] (Inside the Actors Studio, Episode 94, Season 7).

On June 29, 2006 Robin appeared on The Tonight Show with Jay Leno. During the appearance he lampooned Rush Limbaugh for his addiction to prescription pain medication by asking "Where was he (Rush) staying in the Caribbean? Club Medicated?" On August 9, 2006, Williams entered himself into a rehabilitation center for alcoholism. His publicist has confirmed, saying "After 20 years of sobriety, Robin Williams found himself drinking again and has decided to take proactive measures to deal with this for his own well-being and the well-being of his family. He asks that you respect his and his family's privacy during this time. He looks forward to returning to work this Fall to support his upcoming film releases."[15]

[edit] Other interests

Williams is a self-confessed gamer known to enjoy online video games, recently playing Warcraft 3, Day of Defeat, Half-Life[16], and the first-person shooter Battlefield 2 as a sniper.[17] In addition, he also plays the tabletop wargame Warhammer 40,000. In an interview for a video game magazine, he stated that Nintendo contacted him once and told him because of his love of video games, if there ever is a live action Pokémon movie made, he would be their first, last, and only choice to play Professor Oak.[citation needed] He named his daughter Zelda because his son, Zachary, is a devoted fan of the Legend of Zelda video game series.[citation needed] Williams was even in talks to do a voice for the game Half-Life 2, because he is a big fan of the series. However, scheduling conflicts prevented this.[citation needed]

On January 6, 2006 he performed live at Consumer Electronics Show during Google's keynote.[18] In the 2006 E3, on the invitation of Will Wright, he demonstrated the creature editor of Spore while simultaneously commenting on the creature's look: "This will actually make a platypus look good."[19] He also complimented the game's versatility, comparing it to Populous and Black & White.

Williams is a prolific collector of sports memorabilia. He is known to be a San Francisco Giants fan and can occasionally be seen at AT&T Park during games.

Williams enjoys rugby union and is a fan of the New Zealand All Blacks. He is also a keen follower of the National Rugby League in Australia and lists his favorite team as the North Queensland Cowboys, saying his favorite players are Matt Bowen, Steve Southern and Luke O'Donnell. He also follows the Queensland Maroons in the State of Origin.

He is a fan of the Japanese anime Neon Genesis Evangelion (EVA). In fact, the toy used in One Hour Photo was from Robin's personal collection.[citation needed] Also, in the CGI film Robots, Williams' character carries a spear nearly identical to the Lance of Longinus prominiently featured in EVA.[citation needed]

Williams also maintains an interest in weaponry, with a collection consisting of several antique swords and knives.

[edit] Charity work

Williams and his wife, Marsha, founded the Windfall Foundation, a philanthropic organization to raise money for many different charities. Williams devotes much of his energy doing work for charities, including the Comic Relief fund-raising efforts. He is also a cycling fan, known to own hundreds of bicycles and to attend the Tour de France. Through his interest in cycling, he has been a friend and supporter of Lance Armstrong and his foundation, performing at events for the foundation.[citation needed]

Directly after 9/11, Williams was shown donating blood numerous times to help victims of the attacks.[citation needed]

Williams has performed in the USO for U.S. troops stationed in Iraq for three years. Just days after the start of the Iraq War, Williams performed for American troops stationed in Afghanistan.[citation needed] As recently as January 24-25 2007, he performed two live stand-up comedy shows in Boston, MA. Donations from the events were split between the USO Operation Care Package and the Greater Boston Food Bank [20]

In 2006, he helped fund and also wrote the foreword to the book "Home Wasn't Built in a Day" with the nonprofit writing center 826 Valencia. The book was written by public school students from Galileo Academy of Science and Technology in San Francisco.

Интересные факты[править]


Файл:Mrs Doubtfire.jpg
На обложке фильма «Миссис Даутфайр».

2008 Old Dogs 2008 The Krazees 2007 Август Раш (August Rush) 2007 Брачное свидетельство (License to Wed) 2006 Ночь в музее (Night at the Museum) 2006 Делай ноги (Happy Feet) (голос) 2006 Человек года (Man of the Year) 2006 Победитель (Everyone's Hero) (голос) 2006 Дом на колесах (RV) 2006 Ночной слушатель (The Night Listener) 2005 Большая белая обуза (The Big White) 2005 Роботы (Robots) (голос) 2004 Рождество (Noel) 2004 Тайны прошлого (House of D) 2004 Окончательный монтаж (The Final Cut) 2003 Life with Bonnie (Psychic - эпизод) - сериал 2002 Бессонница (Insomnia) 2002 Убить Смучи (Death to Smoochy) 2002 Фото за час (One Hour Photo) 2001 Искусственный разум (Artificial Intelligence: AI) (голос) 1999 Двухсотлетний человек (Bicentennial Man) 1999 Яков лжец (Jakob the Liar) 1999 L.A. Doctors (Just Duet - эпизод) - сериал 1998 Целитель Адамс (Patch Adams) 1988 Куда приводят мечты (What Dreams May Come) 1998 Aladdin's Math Quest (голос) 1998 Флаббер (Flubber) 1997 Умница Уилл Хантинг (Good Will Hunting) 1997 Разбирая Гарри (Deconstructing Harry) 1997 День отца (Fathers' Day) 1997 Друзья (Friends) (The One with the Ultimate Fighting Champion - эпизод) - сериал 1997 Great Minds Think for Themselves (голос) - сериал 1996 Гамлет (Hamlet) 1996 Секретный агент (The Secret Agent) 1996 Джек (Jack) 1996 Клетка для пташек (The Birdcage) 1995 Джуманджи (Jumanji) 1995 Аладдин на льду (Aladdin on Ice) (ТВ) (голос) 1995 Вонг Фу, с благодарностью за все! Джули Ньюмар (To Wong Foo Thanks for Everything, Julie Newmar) 1995 Девять месяцев (Nine Months) 1995 Аладин и король разбойников (Aladdin and the King of Thieves) (голос) 1994 In Search of Dr. Seuss (ТВ) 1994 Homicide: Life on the Street (Bop Gun - эпизод) - сериал 1993 Миссис Даутфайр (Mrs. Doubtfire) 1993 Быть человеком (Being Human) 1992 Игрушки (Toys) 1992 Аладдин (Aladdin) (голос) 1992 Время от времени (From Time to Time) (голос) 1992 Долина папоротников: последний тропический лес (FernGully: The Last Rainforest) (голос) 1992 Клоун Шейкс (Shakes the Clown) 1991 Капитан Крюк (Hook) 1991 Король-рыбак (The Fisher King) 1991 Умереть заново (Dead Again) 1991 Rabbit Ears: The Fool and the Flying Ship 1991 A Wish for Wings That Work (голос) (ТВ) 1990 Пробуждение (Awakenings) 1990 Человек-кадиллак (Cadillac Man) 1990 Back to Neverland 1989 Общество мертвых поэтов (Dead Poets Society) 1988 Приключения барона Мюнхаузена (The Adventures of Baron Munchausen) 1988 Rabbit Ears: Pecos Bill 1988 Portrait of a White Marriage 1987 Доброе утро, Вьетнам (Good Morning, Vietnam) 1987 Will Rogers: Look Back in Laughter (ТВ) 1987 Jonathan Winters: On the Ledge (ТВ) 1986 Захватить день (Seize the Day) 1986 Клуб "Рай" (Club Paradise) 1986 Лучшие времена (The Best of Times) 1984 Pryor's Place (Sax Education - эпизод) - сериал 1984 Москва на Гудзоне (Moscow on the Hudson) 1983 Школа выживания (The Survivors) 1982 SCTV Network 90 (Jane Eyrehead - эпизод) - сериал 1982 The Mork & Mindy/Laverne & Shirley with the Fonz Show (голос) - сериал 1982 Faerie Tale Theatre (The Tale of the Frog Prince - эпизод) - сериал 1982 Мир от Гарпа (The World According to Garp) 1982 Морк и Минди (Mork & Mindy) - сериал 1982 The Billy Crystal Comedy Hour" (Episode #1.1 - эпизод) - сериал 1980 Попай (Popeye) 1980 Andy Kaufman Plays Carnegie Hall 1979 Out of the Blue (Random's Arrival - эпизод) - сериал 1979 Happy Days (эпизоды) - сериал 1978 America 2-Night (эпизоды) - сериал 1977 Eight Is Enough (The Return of Auntie V - эпизод) - сериал 1977 Laugh-In (Episode dated 5 November 1977 - эпизод) - сериал



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